This book traces the historical transition of the Lambada community of Hyderabad State under the Nizams during colonial rule. The study spans nearly two centuries from the early eighteenth to about the middle of the twentieth century. The author shows how this community, originally caravan traders, confronted the colonial or modern state power which had adversely transformed their lives. The market economy and growth of transport hampered the Lambadas caravan trade. The state discouraged their nomadic ways, inducing them to become peasants on wastelands and in forest tracts. From the middle of the nineteenth century, they had to depend on cattle-raising and agriculture, often becoming agricultural labourers. The state came to view their extension of agriculture as a threat to forest conservation, subjecting them to harassment and eviction. They began losing their plots of land through usurious money-lending and extortion. Zamindars claimed rights over wastelands, and extracted taxes. Exploitation by various agencies reduced the Lambadas to working as bonded labourers on farms. During famines and the off-season, some resorted to dacoity. This led the state to brand them as a criminal community and relocate them as criminal tribes under surveillance. Protracted suffering and victimisation compelled the Lambadas to revolt, which was transformed into the Telangana armed struggle at the end of the Nizams rule. The Lambadas had tried to respond to the challenges faced through a programme of self-reform. From the 1820s, leaders emerged from within the community, who rearticulated Lambada history, spiritual beliefs and culture. These find expression in the oral tradition which was crucial in shaping their community identity, now a significant element in democratic politics.
4. The Lambadas: A community Besieged. (Monograph) Co-authored with Gita Ramaswamy (Hyderabad: United Nation International Children Emergency Fund (UNICEF), 2002).
5. Nizam Palanalo Lambadalu (Telugu translation of Subjugated Nomads, published by HBT, Hyderabd.
Articles in Edited Books:
- ‘The Mapping of Adivasi Social: Colonial Anthropology and Adivasis’ (reprint article) in Tina Usys, Sakhela Buhlungu and Sujata Patel eds. Exclusion, Social Capital and Citizenship: contested Transitions in South Africa and India, (New Delhi, Orient BlackSwan, 2012), pp. 104-118.
- ‘The Eternal Colonial Legacy: Adivasis and Land Assertion in Andhra Agency’ in Dev Nathan and VirginiusXaxa (eds.) Social Exclusion, Adverse Inclusion and Beyond: From Deprivation to Development of Adivasis in India (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2012), pp. 63-80.
- ‘Articulating Self: Orality, Community and Colonialism in South India’ in Ganesh Devy, Geoffry V. Davis and K.K. Chakravarty ed. Indigenity: Culture and Interpretation (New Delhi: Orient Black Swan, 2009),pp. 329-344.
- ‘Unmasking Nationalist and Marxist Constructions of Adivasi Uprising: An Exercise in Historical Reasemblig’ Journal of Tribal Intellectual Collective India, vol. 2:3, February 2015, pp. 61-73.
- ‘Being Dalit, Being Modern: Caste and Culture in Hyderabad State’, Occasional paper Persectives in Indian development series. Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, 2014, pp. 1-27.
- ‘Between Tradition and Modernity: Nizams, Colonialism and Modernity in Hyderabad State’ , Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. Xviii, no. 48, November 30, 2013, pp.120-125.
- ‘The Subordination of the Soveriegns: Colonialism and its Gond Rajas 1853 -1948’ Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 47.1, January 2013, pp 288-317. (peer reviewed )
- ‘Enclosing Land, Enclosing Adivasis: Colonial Agriculture and Adivasis in Central India, 1853-1948’ Indian Historical Review, Vol. 40.1, June, 2013 (Peer reviewed).
- ‘Colonialism and its Nomads in south India’ Occasional paper published by Nehru Memorial Museum and Library (Teen Murti) New Delhi, 2012.
- ‘Adivasis and Land Assertion in Andhra Agency’, in The IUP Journal of History and Culture, October, 2010, pp. 60-72 (blind referral, ISSN: 0973-8517).
- ‘Delinquent Subjects’: Dacoity and the Creation of a Surveillance Society in Hyderabad State’, in Indian Economic and Social History Review, XLIV, no.2, April-June 2007, pp.179-212.
- The Mapping of Adivasi Social: Colonial Anthropology and Adivasis’, in Economic and Political Weekly, vol. XLIII, NO. 39, September 27,2008, pp.103-109.
- ‘Colonisation of Forest and Emergence of Gond Nationalism in Hyderabad State’, Itihasa, XXX, No. 1&2, January-December 2004, pp. 59-79.
- ‘An Adivasi Legend’, The Dalit, May-June 2002, pp.18-19.
- ‘Lambadas: Changing Cultural Patterns’, Co-author, Economic and Political Weekly, XXXVII, no. 16, April 20-26, 2002, pp. 1497-99.
Book Review Articles:
- Book review article, on Inukonda Thirumali’s Telangana-Andhra: Caste, Regions and Politics in Andhra Pradesh, Akar Books New Delhi, 2013, in Social Scientist, vol. 42, No. 11-12, November-December 2014, pp. 92-94.
- ‘Civilising Nature’ Book Review article on S. Abdul Thaha’s book, Forest Policy and Ecological Change : Hyderabad State in Colonial India, Cambridge Foundation Books, New Delhi, 2009. in Journal of Deccan Studies, Vol. VIII.1, January-June 2010, pp. 99-102.
- Book review article on Laxman D. Satya’s Medicine, Disease and Ecology in Colonial India. The Deccan Plateau in the 19th Century. Manohar, New Delhi, 2009. in Social Scientist.Vol.38, No. 7-8, July-August 2010, pp. 88-91. (ISSN: 0970-0293).
- Hindu Pasheejamay Bharathku Hani on Hindu mathanantara Bharat Desham (Post Hindu India) by Kancha Iliah, in Andhra Joythi, (Telugu Daily), 25 January, 2012.
- Book review article (Aapurva Porataaniki Sajeevachitralu) on Teeragabadda Telangana: Dhoralanu Dhenchaam Nizamnu Kulcham by I. Tirumali, Hyderabad Book Trust, Hyderabad, 2008, published in Andhra Joythi (Telugu Daily), 23 June, 2008.
- ‘The Decay of a Great Civilisation’, book review article on The Decline and Fall of the Indus Civilization, ed., Nayanjot Lahiri (New Delhi: Permanent Block, 2000). published in Deccan Chronicle, 1 April 2001.